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ERIC Number: ED084465
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Toward the Long-Term Scientific Study of Encounter Group Phenomena: I. Methodological Considerations.
Diamond, Michael Jay; Shapiro, Jerrold Lee
This paper proposes a model for the long-term scientific study of encounter, T-, and sensitivity groups. The authors see the need for overcoming major methodological and design inadequacies of such research. They discuss major methodological flaws in group outcome research as including: (1) lack of adequate base rate or pretraining measures; (2) failure to include a matched control group; (3) lack of truly independent observers; (4) failure to control adequately for test reactivity and obtrusive observer effects; (5) failure to employ dependent measures consistent with the group goals; and (6) failure to include followup. The authors attempt to avoid these pitfalls in the model experimental paradigm which they present. The model includes: (1) determination and specification of group goals; (2) screening of group members; (3) pre-testing; (4) experimental treatment; (5) post-testing; (6) followup testing; (7) long-term followup testing; and (8) an analysis of data. (WSK)
Michael Jay Diamond, Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, 2430 Campus Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Western Psychological Association Meeting (53rd. Anaheim, California, April, 1973)