ERIC Number: ED084354
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Economic Determinants of Labor Supply for the Urban Poor.
Hill, Charles Russell
The study is concerned with empirically deriving a labor supply function for members of poor families. It contains a definition of poverty as well as a brief summary of the characteristics of families in poverty in 1966 and a review of the existing literature on the supply of labor by the poor. A general model of labor supply based on family utility maximization is developed. In constructing the model, attention has been given to the characteristics of the poor worker which may differentiate his work-leisure choice from that of his nonpoor counterpart. The results indicated that variation in the poor family head's effective wage rate has a stronger effect on the quantity of labor supplied by the head than any other explanatory variable used. A comparison of poor and non-poor family heads revealed that the income effect resulting from a change in the wage rate is more likely to dominate the substitution effect for the nonpoor than it is for the poor. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Disadvantaged, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Family Income, Family (Sociological Unit), Heads of Households, Labor Supply, Leisure Time, Literature Reviews, Models, Poverty, Wages
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va. 22151 (PB-194 796, MF $1.45, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota