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ERIC Number: ED084226
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reality, Meaning and Research.
Besag, Frank P.; Shubert, Stephen
Research can be related to reality, to meaning, and to decisions and decision makers. There are some assumptions about reality and research that are taken for granted: a) reality does indeed exist--which one must accept as true; b) research is an accurate portrait of reality--although no research has ever done justice to the original object; c) the methodology used has little effect on the outcome of the study--although, in truth, the methodology partly determines the answer; d) prediction is possible--although experience shows that things do change and that there are intervening accidents of history. The problem is an unawareness of the biases of assumptions. Similarly with regard to meaning and reality, the positive mania with statistical significance must be ended and the premise that statistical significance may have little relationship to practical significance must be acknowledged. Consequently, one tends to be a "closed shop" regarding his own expertise. In overall summary, although reality is assumed to exist, the way of finding images of that reality is often inaccurate, narrow and, all too often, irrelevant and confusing. (JA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A