ERIC Number: ED084207
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Education on the Social Mobility of High School Sophomores Fifteen Years Later (1955-1970): Explorations in Equality of Opportunity. Final Report.
Alexander, Karl; Eckland, Bruce K.
Designed to explore the determinants and long-range consequences of individual mobility in the U.S., the Explorations in Equality of Opportunity Project is a longitudinal survey of 2,077 students who were tested by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) as sophomores in 42 public high schools in 1955 and who were followed up by the Institute for Research in Social Science (IRSS) in 1970. This report deals with the educational attainment process. It focuses on sex interactions and within-school process variables, including school-wide context variables. The unique effects of different measures of family social status are retained throughout the analysis and aptitude is included in most models as an exogenous variable. Earlier findings on the effects of status background, ability, and within-school variables on educational and occupational attainment were largely supported. Extensions of these basic models produces some important results, particularly in the analysis of high school contextual effects. Wheras a high status background context was found to enhance academic performance, a high ability context was found to depress academic performance. Since the two context variables themselves are positively related, their effects largely offset one another. (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Aptitude, Data Analysis, Educational Attainment, Educational Benefits, Educational Experience, Educational Opportunities, Educational Research, High School Students, Literature Reviews, Models, Occupational Aspiration, Research Methodology, Sex Differences, Social Mobility, Social Status, Student School Relationship, Surveys
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Inst. for Research in Social Science.