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ERIC Number: ED084102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Effects of a Reading Method vs. an Activity Method on the Learning and Retention of Simple Concepts Dealing with Pendulums.
Merkle, Dale Gordon
Reported is a study of the effect of participation in an inquiry activity compared to a reading activity on learning and retention. The subjects were (1) a group of 23 inservice teachers in a six-week summer class, and (2) a group of 31 inservice teachers in an eleven-week college term. The classes were each randomly assigned to two groups of approximately equal size. One group was directed to use the library for texts and references to study about pendulums. The other group used materials from the Elementary Science Study unit on pendulums, collecting data and analyzing the results of their inquiry activity without teacher direction. In both groups, pre- and posttests were used to determine the amount of learning. Superior learning experience was shown for the activity groups as compared to the reading groups. Retention of learned concepts indicated a significant advantage for the activity group in the six-week class but no significant differences were noted between the groups in the eleven-week term.(EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (46th, Detroit, Michigan, March 1973)