ERIC Number: ED083758
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Reported Causes of Hearing Loss for Hearing Impaired Students; United States 1970-71.
Gentile, Augustine; Rambin, J. Bentley
Reported are causes of hearing loss for 41,109 hearing impaired students enrolled in 555 special educational programs as part of a national annual survey during the 1970-71 school year. Data is provided on the relationship between hearing loss etiology and the following variables: age and sex of students, additional handicapping conditions, family history of hearing loss, age of discovery, hearing threshold levels, and type of educational program. The data indicated that the cause of hearing loss was due to prenatal factors for almost two thirds of the students, that maternal rubella was the greatest single cause of hearing loss (14 0/0 of all cases and 21 0/0 of cases caused by prenatal factors), that meningitis was the greatest single cause of hearing loss occurring after birth (5 0/0 of all cases and 13 0/0 of cases caused by postnatal factors), and that hereditary factors were the cause of hearing loss for only about 8 0/0 of the students, though an additional 12 0/0 of the students had one or more hearing impaired relatives in their immediate family. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Etiology, Exceptional Child Research, Hearing Impairments, Heredity, Incidence, National Surveys, Prenatal Influences
Gallaudet College Book Store, Washington, D. C. 20002 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Gallaudet Coll., Washington, DC. Office of Demographic Studies.