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ERIC Number: ED083632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 89
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Language Acquisition through Modeling and Imitation.
Endo, George Takashi
Two environmental learning conditions based on generative linguistics were tested to determine whether they could induce in children (in grades 1-3) the acquisition of the rules of metaphors and the subsequent generation of metaphors based on the acquired rules. The first modeling condition (MC-1) emphasized the verbal-interaction effect: the model appeared to construct a sentence to the stimulus noun and the subject was asked to construct a similar but not identical sentence to the same noun. The second modeling condition (MC-2) emphasized observational learning: the subject first observed the model construct sentences to five individually presented stimulus nouns. The subject in turn was given five different nouns and asked to construct similar types of sentences. Results showed that during the first generalization condition immediately following the training trials, MC-2 subjects constructed more metaphoric sentences to new stimulus nouns. When contingent reinforcement was given for producing non-metaphoric sentences, all subjects exhibited corresponding reversal of sentences. During the second generalization condition immediately following the reversal condition, non-metaphoric responses to a new set of stimulus nouns occurred for all subjects. (Author/HOD)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-19,366, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
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Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Utah