ERIC Number: ED083618
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jul-20
Reference Count: N/A
English as the Second Language of Deaf Students. Psychology and Education Series.
Charrow, V. R.; Fletcher, J. D.
The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) was administered to 26 deaf students (approximately 18 years of age) to determine (1) whether deaf children of deaf parents (DP), as users of American Sign Language and as possessors of a shared code, would outperform deaf children of hearing parents (HP); (2) whether the performance of DP subjects, if they do learn English as a second language, would resemble the performance of hearing, foreign students on their item-by-item performance; and (3) whether the performance of DP subjects on the TOEFL test and on the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT) would be less related than the performance of HP subjects. Results showed that the DP group was superior to the HP group of three of the four TOEFL subtests and on two SAT subtests and that the parentage variable accounted for 53 percent of the variance in total test scores. The item-by-item comparisons showed the DP group performance to more like that of the hearing, foreign students than was the performance of the HP group. Whereas the correlations of the Paragraph Meaning SAT subtest scores with the TOEFL scores failed to discriminate between the DP and HP subjects, the DP subjects' scores correlated better than HP group scores on the Language subtest of the SAT. (HOD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Mathematical Studies in Social Science.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Achievement Tests; Test of English as a Foreign Language