ERIC Number: ED083573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Ecuador's First Grade Textbooks and Their Impact on Schools.
Lynch, Patrick D.
In 1971 and 1972 a group of Ecuadorean evaluators planned and carried out an evaluation of the new textbooks for reading, mathematics, and sciences in the first grade classrooms of 88 schools. A field experiment was designed in which each school was assigned to a test condition: (1) obligatory use of all the textbooks and guides, (2) use of the textbooks to whatever extent deemed appropriate by the teacher, and (3) use of other textbooks or no textbooks. A pretest and posttest were administered to each student in each subject about seven nonths apart. Comparisons of schools according to urban-rural, grading type (graded, more than one grade per teacher, and one room-one teacher), and field condition were made. No significant differences were found between urban and rural schools or among field conditions in any subject area. Significant differences were found in four of nine comparisons between types of grading, and, while most of the graded schools were urban, the grading organization was more important in accounting for differences in achievement than location. A number of recommendations were made to the Ministry of Education regarding textbook revision, teacher training, and educational organization. (TO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministerio de Educacion Publica, Quito (Ecuador).; Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.