ERIC Number: ED083567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Age and School Experience as Factors in Rule Utilization: Use of a Simple Addition Rule. Final Report, Part 1.
Goulet, L. R.
This study attempted to investigate the effects of school experience on performance on visual perception tests involving line figures and forms. The subjects were 120 first grade students selected from two public schools in the same community. The experiment involved an Experimental Treatments X Age X Time of Testing factorial design. All subjects learned two paired-associate lists consisting of picture-number pairs. In the rule treatment, list 1 consisted of five picture-number pairs; list 2 consisted of identical stimuli and responses, except that the integer paired with each stimulus was larger by one unit. Thus, list 2 could be learned rapidly if the subjects used a rule of add 1 for each pair acquired on list 1. The lists for the interference treatment were identical, except that the responses and stimuli from list 1 were randomly repaired on list 2. In the control treatment, list 1 and list 2 involved new stimuli and responses. The lists were presented on a Stowe memory drum at a 3:3-second rate by the anticipation method. Four random orders of the lists were presented to minimize serial learning. The result confirmed that transfer performance, either from extra-experimental or experimental sources, is the major determinant of learning performance for young, school-aged children. (WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.
Note: See related document CS 000 806