ERIC Number: ED083510
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec-30
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Environment and Personality on Counseling Outcomes. Final Report.
Haase, Richard F.; DiMattia, Dominic J.
The major purpose of this project was to measure the effect of physical-spatial environment and personality on the conditionability of positive affective self-reference statements within a quasi-counseling interview. Two related studies were conducted: Study One--University of Bridgeport; Study Two--University of Massachusetts. Eighteen male undergraduate subjects were utilized in Study One to measure the effect of room size, personality (Factor L, 16PF) and distance interaction on conditioning. The design employed in Study One was a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial analysis of variance with repeated measures on two factors. Fifty-four male undergraduate subjects were utilized in Study Two to measure the effect of room size, personality (Factor L, 16PF) and furniture arrangement on conditioning. The design of Study Two consisted of a 2 x 2 x 3 x 2 mixed factorial analysis of variance. The results indicated that spatial environments do significantly effect the conditionability of positive effective self-reference statements. It was particularly noteworthy that in both studies it was found that room size had a significant effect in altering the conditioning of verbal responses. Implications for counseling and counselor training are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Bridgeport Univ., CT. Coll. of Education.; Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.