ERIC Number: ED083163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Individualization of Instruction: Evaluation--A Roadblock. Education Monograph No. 5.
Zimmerman, R. R.; Halbert, T. D.
This monograph questions the use of grading as an evaluation of student performance. The paper emphasizes that grading does not take into consideration some of the factors that affect learning: a) individuality, b) responsibility of the student, c) experience in learning, and d) motivation. Research on the detrimental effects of the present system of grading is briefly reviewed. The criteria that should be served through evaluation are stressed: a) facilitation of self evaluation, learning, and teaching; b) inclusion of educational objectives; c) provision for feedback to questions of curriculum development and educational policy; and d) production of appropriate records. An alternative approach to the current grading system, which includes the above criteria, is presented. The Complete-Incomplete system is discussed: it contains the positive aspects of the pass-fail system without the failure dimension. A 16-item bibliography is included. (For related documents, see SP 006 948, 950-53.) (BRB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montana Univ., Missoula. Div. of Educational Research and Services.