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ERIC Number: ED083131
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Social Facilitation Effects on Children During Early Stages of Motor Learning.
Crabbe, James M.
This study investigated the Zajonc-Cottrell theoretical conflict pertaining to drive by testing children during early learning on a gross motor task, with the audience effect paradigm of social facilitation. Two hundred forty youngsters served as subjects. They were selected randomly from both sexes and equally from a large preschool and public school second grade. Each subject completed 10 trials on the stabilometer task under an "Alone" or an "Audience" learning condition. Average and trend learning scores were computed for each subject. Second-grade subjects attained a higher level of performance than did preschool subjects. The analysis for rate of learning revealed an interaction between audience conditions and age levels. Preschool subjects learned in the "Alone" condition at a higher rate than when in the presence of an audience. However, second-grade subjects learned at a higher rate in the presence of an audience than in the "Alone" condition. Within the limitations of this study, it was concluded that the motor response tendencies of children are most probably influenced by their prior social experiences. This conclusion tended to support the Cottrell hypothesis that performance, in the audience paradigm of social facilitation, is dependent upon the child's social history. (Author/JA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 1973