ERIC Number: ED082935
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Inequalities in Educational Opportunity and the Chicano. A Study of School Systems in the Southwest. Final Report.
Brischetto, Robert; Arciniega, Tomas
This research examined educational inequalities for Mexican Americans in the Southwest. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 1972 on a sample of 636 superintendents in the public school systems in Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. The study was designed as a follow-up to a 1969 Civil Rights Commission survey of 538 superintendents in districts with at least 10 0/0 Mexican American enrollment and of 1,166 schools within these districts. A subsample of "Anglo" districts was added in the 1972 survey to estimate the extent of inequalities among districts of different ethnic enrollments. Quantity and quality of educational services were found to be highly related to the ethnic composition of district enrollment and to residents' income. Even after controlling state and district size, the relationships remained. Inequalities in educational resources and services based on ethnic composition of the district were also found among schools surveyed in 1969. Another dimension of the 1972 survey involved an analysis of superintendents' opinions on a variety of issues related to the central question of equality of educational opportunity. The findings have important implications for further litigation, legislation, and policy-making vis-a-vis the Mexican American student. (Author/KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., El Paso.