ERIC Number: ED082824
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Environment, Experience and Development in Early Childhood. Final Report.
Watts, Jean Carew; And Others
This document briefly describes Phase I of the Preschool Project. The research from 1969-72, Phase II, focuses on how the experiences and environments of highly competent and less competent children differ in early childhood. It is theorized that intellectual development is a function of a child's interaction with his human and physical environment. The project is categorized as a natural experiment because researchers (1) observed children in their natural milieu, (2) emphasized the role of normal experiences in intellectual and social development, and (3) examined children from contrasting socioeconomic groups based on their predicted level of social competence by age 3. Subjects, 40 normal children, ages 1 to 3, were tested periodically on intelligence and social competence. Observational instruments were developed to measure the effects of the human and physical environment. Four case studies illustrate different kinds of environment and developmental patterns. Discussion of the nature-nuture controversy includes implications for the interactional model of development on which the study is based. (DP)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Competence, Environmental Influences, Intellectual Development, Longitudinal Studies, Naturalistic Observation, Nature Nurture Controversy, Observation, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Questionnaires, Social Development, Socioeconomic Status
Jean Carew Watts, Ph.D., 705 Larsen Hall, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138 ($7.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Lab. of Human Development.