ERIC Number: ED082823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-May
Reference Count: N/A
Environment, Experience and Intellectual Development of Young Children in Home Care.
Watts, Jean Carew; And Others
This description of the Preschool Project focuses on one aspect of research: the effect of his human environment on the child's intellectual development; specifically, the effect of his interaction with his main caregiver. The Preschool Project is described in more complete detail in document PS 006 798. The project is categorized as a natural experiment because researchers (1) observed children in the natural milieu, (2) emphasized the role of normal every-day experiences in intellectual development, and (3) examined children from contrasting socioeconomic groups with regard to level of competence. Subjects were 40 children, ages 1 to 3, whose interactions were observed and coded. Judgments were made of the value of the interaction for intellectual and social growth, and the role played by the interactor. A principal finding of the study was that interactors with children, who by age 3 had attained high levels of intellectual competence, spent over twice as much time involved in intellectually valuable activities as did interactors with children who achieved less competence. The type of role played by the interactor (participator, observer, or restrictor) seems to be important. The key role of the caregiver is discussed, with concrete illustrations drawn from actual observations. (DP)
Descriptors: Competence, Environmental Influences, Intellectual Development, Longitudinal Studies, Nature Nurture Controversy, Observation, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Questionnaires, Social Relations, Socioeconomic Status
Jean Carew Watts, Ph.D., 705 Larsen Hall, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138 (no charge)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.