ERIC Number: ED082695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Outcome-Oriented Planning in Higher Education: An Approach or An Impossibility?
Micek, Sidney S.; Arney, William Ray
The basic premise of this paper is: if current management and fiscal problems are to be solved in higher education, planners and decisionmakers must adopt an outcome-oriented approach to planning. In the past, most planners have tended to be means-oriented, focusing more attention on problems associated with the course of action being followed and less on the end results to be achieved. It is argued that planners should begin focusing on the desired, expected, and actual outcomes of programs as they relate to the planning process. Although an outcome-oriented approach to planning should be beneficial, it is not without its problems. Among the problems discussed are that of reaching consensus on institutional goals and objectives, the lack of variance problems in attributing outcomes to institutional and program effects, the need for a greater variety of criterion measures, and the problems of couching all outcomes in terms of measurable criteria. In this paper, the authors do not seek to advance outcome-oriented planning as a cure-all. Rather, they have devoted a major part of this paper to discussion of the problems associated with this suggested approach. On the other hand, they do not view these problems as insurmountable. Accordingly, the final section of this paper discusses possible lines of future research that may facilitate the implementation of outcome-oriented planning. (Author/PG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, Boulder, CO. National Center for Higher Education Management Systems.