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ERIC Number: ED082693
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Oct
Pages: 140
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Corporate Basis of University and College Government: An Historical Analysis.
Duryea, E. D.
Universities and colleges in this country, with few exceptions, have been established as either private or public corporations authorized by state governments. This document presents a review of the history of the corporate form in American higher education, intended as a contribution to understanding the nature of its government as a background for an exploration of alternative bases for its relationship with government. To chronicle this history, the essay divided into two parts. Part I examines the medieval origins and English practices that influenced the formation of the colleges in colonial America. Part II reviews the governing arrangements for these early colleges, the evolution of the corporate idea during the 18th century, the influence of Lockean philosophy, the background of the Dartmouth College Case and its decision, and the ensuing distinction between public and private colleges and universities. A concluding section very briefly surveys the implications of the Dartmouth College decision and the modifications to it by subsequent court cases, the total impact of which was to establish the parameters for the corporate models as basis for American college and university government. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Dept. of Higher Education.