ERIC Number: ED082530
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Anxiety Reduction and Computer-Assisted Learning.
O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.
Research tested an anxiety reduction technique in a computer-based learning situation. Computer-based situations were used because they permitted controlled studies using materials relevant to the real-life needs of students and allowed repeated measurements of state anxiety in response to learning materials. Thus, the relationships between anxiety reduction and subsequent state anxiety and that between state anxiety and performance could be uncovered. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was used, following several tests of its reliability and validity. Since previous studies did not directly measure state anxiety, but rather inferred it from behavioral or performance indexes, a new paradigm was developed to study the mutual effects of state anxiety, cognitive abilities, and experimental treatments on a concept learning task. An experimental group received memory support when requested; two control groups received it, respectively, continuously, or never. Results from the MA-3 Associative Memory Test showed that the experimental group required fewer trials to criterion and had lower levels of anxiety. Thus, directly measured evidence was offered for the contention that the anxiety reduction treatment of memory support reduced state anxiety. (PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Computer-Assisted Instruction Lab.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory