ERIC Number: ED082496
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Television and Creativity; The Effect of Viewing Certain Categories of Commercial Television Broadcasting on the Divergent Thinking Abilities of Intellectually Gifted Elementary Students.
Stern, Stanley Lawrence
Research sought to determine what effect viewing increased amounts of specific types of televised material would have upon the creative performance of highly intelligent children. Gifted students in grades 4, 5, and 6 of a suburban district were given Guilford's tests of creativity and then divided into seven groups. Six of these watched a specific category of program for three weeks; the seventh served as a control group. The categories were: educational television, cartoons, sports, comedies, drama, and "everything." Posttests were administered and analysis of variance used to measure the independent variable of sex, grade, and category of program viewed, and the dependent variable of change in creativity scores. The control group increased in creative ability, whereas the experimental groups declined in all areas except for verbal abilities, although the decline was not statistically significant for most areas. Younger children were more affected than older ones, and sex was not a significant variable. Children watching dramatic shows increased in creative performance, while those watching cartoons and, surprisingly, educational programs had depressed creative scores. The results were interpreted as a serious warning that current television programing is detrimental to children's creativity. (Author/PB)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Commercial Television, Creative Thinking, Creativity, Creativity Tests, Divergent Thinking, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Television, Elementary School Students, Gifted, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Media Research, Programing (Broadcast), Suburban Youth, Television Viewing
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. School of Education.