ERIC Number: ED082475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun-15
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Computer Simulation of Experiments in Teaching Scientific Methodology. Final Report.
Green, Charles; Mink, Walter
A computer-assisted simulation of experiments in eyelid conditioning was conducted as part of an introductory psychology course. This instructional format was then compared with a traditional instructor-led seminar and with a seminar in which computer-produced information obtained elswhere was used. A total of 120 students participated in 11 groups. Groups were composed on measures of factual content, skills of experimental design and analysis, attitudes toward science and computers, and evaluation of learning experience. Results indicated no significant differences among groups on mastery of factual content or attitude change toward science or computers. In the learning of skills associated with the appropriate labeling of variables and controls in an experiment and with the recognition of relations in graphed data, results favored those groups which used the computer-assisted simulation of experiments. However, none of the groups could generalize principles of scientific analysis to other contexts. Students rated the computer-assisted simulations as favorably as the instructor-led seminars and expressed a significant preference to continue the computer-assisted experience. A comparison of relative costs indicated that computer simulations could provide low cost experience with complex experimental data and design. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Macalester Coll., St. Paul, Minn.