ERIC Number: ED082229
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Speech of Young Black Children. Final Report.
Ammon, Paul R.
This report concerns a detailed analysis of syntax in speech samples collected from 69 lower-class black preschool children and 30 middle-class white preschool children. The objectives of the study were (1) to investigate the hypothesis that lower-class black children are deficient in their ability or propensity to produce syntactically elaborated speech; (2) to test the effects of training lower-class black children in sentence counstruction and vocabulary; (3) to determine the validity of a sentence imitation test for assessing individual differences in language ability; and (4) to determine the predictability of early reading achievement from preschool speech production and sentence imitation. Instruments used to collect data included a picture interview, a sentence imitation test, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and the Cooperative Primary Reading Test. Measures of syntactic elaboration showed few significant differences between the black and white samples, with no general tendency toward more elaborated speech on the part of the white children. Within the black sample, there was no evidence that special training in sentence construction or in vocabulary had significant effects on the amount of elaborated speech in a posttest interview. (HOD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.