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ERIC Number: ED082191
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 113
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Writing of Elementary Children, Grades Two through Six, to Determine the Presence, Frequency of Use and Development by Grade Level of Specified Literary Devices.
Hill, John David
By identifying literary devices found in adult literature and then analyzing children's writing for these same devices, it was hoped that new insight would be gained into the elements of children's writings. Five stories per grade level were selected from grades two through six from seven Memphis elementary schools. The children's stories were analyzed in terms of their structure (genre, form, narration, dialogue, and characterization) and their texture, or use of elements of figurative language (alliteration, apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, personification, and simile). It was found that (1) at each grade level almost all the literary devices appeared to varying degrees; (2) structural devices appeared more often than textual devices; and (3) more figurative language was used at the sixth grade level than at any other level. Among the conclusions reached were that when elements of texture are used by elementary school children, the cliche is the prototype, and there appeared to be no natural development by grade level of any of the specified literary devices. Among the recommendations was that a similar study is needed for grades seven through twelve. (Author/DI)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-10,770, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Indiana University