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ERIC Number: ED082176
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 120
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Examination of Prereading Exercises: Recommendations for Form and Instruction on the Comprehension of Written Instructional Material.
Campbell, John Joseph
This study investigated the effects of prereading exercises on the comprehension of written instructional material. The subjects were 210 community college freshmen who were required to enroll in a developmental reading course. All of the subjects had scored below the eighth percentile on the national norms of the Davis Reading Test. The subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. The treatment conditions were (1) instructions on the use of prereading exercises and (2) prereading exercises written in prose and outline form. The prereading exercise under study was the "structural overviews," a treatment that presents to the reader the structure of the passage, in terms of the location of the main ideas and details contained in the passage. The two control groups were (1) a group that read the same passages as the treatment groups that did not receive the instruction treatment but did not receive a prereading exercise, and (2) a reading dependency control group that read a passage not related to the criterion test. The results indicated that a prereading exercise can have a facilitative effect on the comprehension of written instructional material, and that the prose form of prereading exercise was most helpful in comprehending written instructional material. (Author/WR)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-17,032, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland