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ERIC Number: ED082136
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effect of "Organizers" on Reading Comprehension of Community College Freshmen.
Schnell, Thomas R.
The purpose of this study was to determine if an organizer improved the understanding and retention of what was read, and, if so, to determine if the placement of the organizer significantly affected the resulting performance. The organizer was a 125-word paragraph which provided the reader with a generalized overview of the reading material and focused on conceptual relationships. The subjects were 160 full-time community college freshmen. Four treatment groups were formed: (1) the organizer first, then a reading passage, (2) reading passage first, then the organizer, (3) the organizer first, then the reading passage, and the organizer again, and (4) only the reading passage. No time limit was imposed, and all subjects had the same reading passage. Immediately following the reading the subjects were given a twenty-question comprehension test which tested recall of facts, main ideas, and inferences. Based on the findings, it appeared that the use of an organizer of the type employed in this study would be beneficial to community college readers in terms of increased comprehension. The findings also indicated that placing the organizer after the passage tends to result in greater comprehension. (WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A