ERIC Number: ED081940
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Social Psychological Exploration of Power Motivation Among Disadvantaged Workers.
Levitin, Teresa Ellen
An extensive review of the literature on the social psychology of social power led to the conclusion that the area contains many unrelated, noncumulative theoretical and empirical works. Three conceptual distinctions were introduced to facilitate the systematic study of social power. Effectance motivation was used to describe the joint, often inextricably linked, arousal of power and achievement motivations. Power motivation was distinguished from achievement motivation on the basis of the social and nonsocial goal, respectively, of each motive. Finally, power motivation was conceptualized as based in either fear of having choices usurped by others (negative orientation) or delight in trying to determine the choices of others (positive orientation). Predictions based on speculation about attitudinal and behavioral correlates of each motive and of each orientation were tested with data from 211 black, male respondents assigned to either a job training program or entry level job with a large manufacturing company. Predictions about effectance motivation was significantly associated with feelings of prejudice and discrimination and militancy. Predictions about power and achievement motivation and the orientations toward power were generally supported, even though acceptable levels of significance were not often reached. (Author)
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va. 22151 (PB-208 245, MF $1.45, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan