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ERIC Number: ED081888
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Success Values: Are They Universal or Class-Differentiated?
Della Fave, L. Richard
There has been a long-standing controversy concerning success values in American society. While one position maintains that success values are more or less uniformly distributed throughout the class structure, another position holds that the amount or kind of success to which people aspire shows a consistent and positive relationship to their position in the class structure. A third position states that those who hold that the basic values of society are common to all classes are correct, because the members of the lower class do share these values with other members of society. Similarly, those who hold that the values differ from class to class are also correct, because the members of the lower-class share values unique to themselves in addition to sharing the general values of society with others. The purpose of this paper is to attempt to test the validity of such a synthetic approach. Three types of success values are involved in the present research, educational, occupational, and income aspirations. Questionnaires were administered to 707 male high school students, grades nine through twelve, who were drawn from four different school systems in Western Massachusetts. An effort was made to secure adequate representation of all social classes, major religious groups, curricula (college preparatory vs. terminal), and grade levels. This objective was achieved, except for an under-representation of terminal students. No set of universal, i.e., non-class-differentiated values was found. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts