ERIC Number: ED081821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Form Reproduction; Technical Report 8. Disadvantaged Children and Their First School Experiences. ETS-Head Start Longitudinal Study. Technical Report Series.
Lindstrom, David R.; Shipman, Virginia C.
The Form Reproduction task was included in the longitudinal study test battery to: (1) examine visual-motor performance over time; (2) study processes associated with visual analysis and synthesis and visual-motor integration; and (3) examine its predictive validity for later academic/skill behaviors, e.g., writing. Form Reproduction in Year 1 data collection consisted of six geometric forms--vertical line, circle, square, triangle, oblique cross, and right oblique line. For Year 2 data collection, the same six forms were used plus the inverted T, three vertical lines, and the adjoining square and circle. The child is asked to copy the four Preschool Inventory forms (vertical line, circle, square, and triangle), upon completion of which he is asked to copy the remaining forms on a supplemental sheet. Only one trial is allowed for each item, and the child may erase if he wishes. Total scores were obtained by summing across items for a maximum total score of 8 for Year 1 and 15 for Year 2. Inter-item correlations were low for both years' data, with the highest relationship in both years being between the square and the triangle. Item correlations with total score were moderate in both years. Analyses of variance based on common items only for the longitudinal sample and using the total score from the Year 2 testing (sex x age x SES) showed significant sex differences and SES differences, with girls and children whose mother had attended school longer obtaining higher scores. The most difficult items were those requiring complex integration of elements and differentiation of part-whole relationships. Factor analysis indicated high loadings on general information processing skills. (For related documents, see TM 003 174-181, 183-198.) (DB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Data Analysis, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Testing, Eye Hand Coordination, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Instruments, Preschool Tests, Research Reports, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Tables (Data), Test Results, Tests
Not available separately; see TM 003 174
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Child Development Services Bureau (DHEW/OCD), Washington, DC. Project Head Start.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.