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ERIC Number: ED081797
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun-20
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of Over- and Underachieving Freshman Women in Two Recent Classes, Eight Liberal Arts Colleges (with College-Specific Summary).
Wilson, Kenneth M.
Using the College Student Questionnaires (CSQ), Part I, data on student performance of two different entering classes at eight colleges were studied to identify the characteristics of freshmen women students associated with overachievement/underachievement during the first college year. Overachievers were defined as those whose overall average was higher than that predicted from the standard battery by .618 standard errors of estimate or more, and underachievers were those with a comparably lower than expected freshman average grade. CSQ, Part I, contains sets of items (or scales) designed to assess: motivation for grades, family social status, independence from family, independence from peers, liberalism, social conscience, and cultural sophistication. In all, 16 replications of the analysis were carried out. For each item in each analysis, the direction of the difference between over- and under-achieveing groups in their percentage responses to the various options was noted. The study results, which are provided in tables and graphs, showed that: (1) mean Motivation for Grades was higher for overachievers in all comparisons; (2) mean Family Social Status scores were higher for overachievers, who tended to have parents with higher educational and occupational attainment; (3) in 15 of 16 comparisons, Independence from Family means were lower for overachievers; (4) results for Peer Independence suggest that college-specific effects may be involved; (5) Liberalism results also suggest a college-specific effects; (6) Social Conscience means were higher for overachievers in 14 of 16 comparisons; and (7) means for Cultural Sophistication suggest no pattern of differences. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Research Center, Princeton, NJ.