ERIC Number: ED081784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Making the Classroom Test: A Guide for Teachers.
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
The plans and procedures used by four teachers in making good tests are presented, and examples are given to serve as guides. The four tests are: An Objective Achievement Test on Fifth-Grade Arithmetic; An Essay Test to Measure a Special Ability in Eighth-Grade American History; A Tenth-Grade Biology Test Especially Designed to Rank Students in Order of Ability; and A Twelfth-Grade English Test for Diagnosing Common Errors in Usage and Spelling. Following descriptions of the tests, basic rules of test-making illustrated by the four tests are given; these are: (1) have the purpose of the test clearly in mind. (2) make a careful plan for the test questions; (3) if test is mainly diagnostic in a basic skill area, prepare at least 10 questions (preferably more) for each subtest used; (4) to find out how well the class has mastered a particular unit of study, make a test which parallels the work in class, and (5) to rank a selected group of students in order of their achievement, the questions hould be on "critical" points of learning. Special problems in writing and scoring tests are determining when essay questions and when objective questions should be used, writing questions that are understandable, stating questions so that there can be only one interpretation, improving reliability in scoring essay questions, the kind of statistical analysis the teacher should make of test questions, and when to use a published test and when the teacher should make his own. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.