ERIC Number: ED081738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Reference Count: 0
Psychological Limits in Athletic Training.
Michael, Ernest D., Jr.; Horvath, Steven M.
The end point of exercise occurs when the subject can no longer continue the activity due to pain, weakness, or boredom. Shortly following the exercise, however, most subjects report that they could have worked longer--indicating a memory loss or escape from pain previously encountered. This study was an attempt to examine the physiological parameters at the time of these subjective feelings of fatigue to learn if motivation to exercise would change with changing physiological measurements. An experienced athlete in good health but untrained for competition was asked to exercise in a series of tests. Results indicate that psychological motivation is influenced by physiological parameters that fall within rather narrow ranges; the question is, Which comes first? Heart rate, ventilations, oxygen uptake, and body termperature levels are controlled by factors other than a desire to end the exercise. Physical training probably takes long periods of time because of the time needed for slow biological adaptation to take place. Motivation relates to the capability of the body, acting as a feedback system, to inform the higher centers of break point levels. The desire to be a good athlete must be coupled with the biological capability to adapt to exercise. (Authors/JA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Reprint from Proceedings of 1st International Congress of Psychology of Sport, 1965, Rome, Italy