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ERIC Number: ED081571
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Procedures for Generating Candidates for Learning Hierarchies.
Smith, Edward L.
A methodology for generating, describing, and organizing candidates for learning hierarchies is presented in this article for the purpose of facilitating attainment of desired outcomes in instructional design. Hierarchy entities are discussed in terms of information presented and performance required in instruction and items and skills underlying the performance. Performance requirements are described as items more important than elements of verbalizable knowledge. Skill substructures are seen as a separate conceptualization, and only the item features are considered in this paper in generating candidates. Components of description, comparison, and classification items include: elements, variable names, values, observation or measurement procedures, describers, correlational rules, and criteria for forming element subsets. Procedures for item generation are: (1) adoption of conventions for describing items in terms of tasks and content, (2) defining tasks, and (3) specification of content domains for tasks. The author points out that effects of hierarchies on knowledge transfer are determinable by analyzing items and skills of a task. A representation of learning hierarchies and tables of simple tasks are included. (CC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (45th, Chicago, Illinois, April 3-6, 1972)