ERIC Number: ED081503
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Staff Orientations on Child Performance in Centralized and Decentralized Children's Institutions.
The relationship between staff orientations and children's performance levels is examined by comparing correlations obtained on these factors in centralized and decentralized institutions for neglected, dependent, abused, and disturbed children. Comparisons are also made of results obtained on the performance of new admissions, children in care between 1 and 2 years, and children who have been in care over 5 years. The sample was composed of 11 institutions centralized in decision-making structures, and eight decentralized institutions. Staffs completed questionnaires on childrearing philosophy and community orientation. Children were tested using the Lorge-Thorndike IQ Test Verbal Abilities Battery. Also measured was the children's sense of self-direction and their perceived levels of task and social relations skills. Results showed no clear relationship between staff orientation and the types of decision-making structures within which they operate. Analysis reveals, however, that child performance scores fluctuate more frequently in concert with fluctuations in staff orientation scores in decentralized institutions than in centralized institutions. Also, the number of associations between staff orientations and child performance levels increases the longer a child resides in a decentralized institution. (ST)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Regional Inst. of Social Welfare Research, Athens, GA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Lorge Thorndike Intelligence Tests