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ERIC Number: ED081496
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Developmental Study of Reasoning and Its Effect on Resistance to Deviation in Children of High and Low Maturity of Moral Judgment.
LaVoie, Joseph C.
This study investigated the effects of sex of child, age, rationale focus, rationale orientation, and maturity of moral judgment on resistance to deviation in 120 children (7 to 11 years old) using the standard punishment paradigm. Children were randomly assigned to a consequence- or intentions-focused rationale with an object or person orientation in a 2x3x2 factorial design. The following predictions were made: (1) a rationale will be more effective in reducing deviation in girls, (2) deviation will decrease across age for the intentions rationale, (3) person-oriented rationales versus object orientation will increase in effectiveness with age, (4) person-oriented rationales will be more effective with girls than boys, and (5) children who are more mature in moral judgment will be less deviant. Results indicate that for all measures girls were less deviant than boys; age significantly increased latency to first deviation when the rationale focused on intentions but not consequences; person-oriented rationales tended to increase in effectiveness (that is, latency to first deviation was longer) with increasing age for boys but not girls, and children who scored high on the moral realism measure were less deviant. Content of the reasoning seemed to be a major factor in the relationship between the child's level of moral judgment and moral behavior. (ST)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Omaha. Dept. of Psychology.