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ERIC Number: ED081470
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Mar-31
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Logical Structure Versus Information Processing in Making Inferences.
Riley, Christine A.; Trabasso, Tom
This study is based on an earlier investigation by Brant and Trabasso, in which it was demonstrated that 4-year-old children could perform transitive inferences when training forced information encoding by involving questions about two comparative dimensions of an object (long and short). The present study was designed to examine the sources of difficulty that children have in making inferences and to investigate the crucial factors in the Bryant and Trabasso procedure that contributed to its success. The following three experiments were conducted: (1) replication of Bryant and Trabasso, (2) traditional approach using only one comparative dimension (longer), and (3) both comparative questions asked across pairs rather than within each pair. Results of initial training indicated that in traditional studies failure to make transitive inferences was not necessarily due to inability to infer, but inability to encode comparative relations. Retraining with verbal and visual feedback was undertaken, and the information processing demands of each experiment were analyzed. It was concluded that children need to be cued to both dimensions to make inferences and that the information processing demands are generally the crucial determinants of children's success or failure. (DP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A