ERIC Number: ED081375
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Production and Cost Behavior of Higher Education Institutions.
Carlson, Daryl E.
This report is an empirical analysis of the "frontier" production and cost relationships between the number of students enrolled and the labor and capital inputs observed over a wide cross-section of four-year higher education institutions in the United States. In the analysis, students are differentiated as to type and as to part-time versus full-time. It is assumed that the production and cost relationships are dependent on other measurable characteristics of the institutions; therefore, several additional variables, such as institutional quality and program mix, are included in the model. Also, separate analyses are performed for each type of institution (public and private universities, public and private comprehensive colleges, and private liberal arts colleges). The empirical results generated by this study indicate that the frontier average and marginal relationships between the institutional input and enrollment variables are complex functions of input structures. enrollment mixes, and several institutional characteristics. This type of economic behavior is discouraging for national policy analysis, since it implies that no simple set of production relationships applies to all institutions. In addition, the results illustrate that the frontier production and cost relationships are not neutral, linear transformations of the average production behavior. An extensive bibliography is included. (Author)
Descriptors: Costs, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Finance, Enrollment, Higher Education, Productivity
Ford Foundation, 2288 Fulton Street, Berkeley, California 94720
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Ford Foundation Program for Research in Univ. Administration.