ERIC Number: ED080978
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Morphological and Syntactic Regularities in Word Reading. Final Report.
Travers, Jeffrey R.
Previous work shows that skilled college level readers tend to apprehend words as wholes, whereas they tend to process random strings of letters as a series of individual letters. Subjects in the study were forced to process words and non-word strings both serially and under conditions which allowed simultaneous processing, and their performances were compared. Five inter-connected studies were performed. Experiment one confirmed the parallel processing effect for words, showing a striking increase in the percentage of words correctly identified as the number of letters present on the screen at any one time increased. Experiment two showed that words could be processed in parallel with a fair degree of accuracy even when letters were displayed in random temporal order. Experiment three attempted to determine whether non-word strings bearing a statistical resemblance to English would show the parallel processing effect but found only weak positive evidence. Experiment four found no relation between the appearance of the effect and either the pronounceability or the frequency of non-word trigrams. Experiment five found no evidence that the effect extends beyond words to short phrases. (TO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Swarthmore Coll., PA.