ERIC Number: ED080903
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
Intellectual Achievement Responsibility and Anxiety as Functions of Self-Concept of Third to Sixth Grade Boys and Girls.
Stanwyck, Douglas J.; Felker, Donald W.
Three test instruments were used in a self-concept study of 373 school children in grades three through six: (1) the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale; (2) the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire; and (3) the Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. The study explored the relationship of self-concept to acceptance of responsibility for intellectual achievement and anxiety over intellectual failure, particularly as a function of age or sex. Results show that, across the grades, pupils with low self-concept gradually assume less responsibility for school success. Pupils with high self-concept gradually increase their acceptance of responsibility for success from grade three to five, maintaining a high level of acceptance in grade six. Girls consistently score higher than boys on measures of anxiety. Pupils with low self-concept show much higher anxiety levels in all grades examined than pupils with high self-concept. Boys with low self-concept showed a generally consistent decrease in anxiety from fourth grade to sixth. The authors anticipate that a longitudinal design study might indicate the establishment of self-concept levels prior to the third grade, in which case attempts to enhance self-concept would need to begin at the outset of the school experience. (Author/NMF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Piers Harris Childrens Self Concept Scale