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ERIC Number: ED080902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-May
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Varied Extinction Conditions Following Acquisition on a 100 Per Cent Rewarded Task in Alcoholics and Nonalcoholics.
Okultich, Peter V.; Marlatt, G. Alan
The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to determine whether alcoholics will show greater persistance in responding under punishment in a simple operant task as compared to nonalcoholics; and (2) with this task, under what conditions alcoholics will suppress their responses to the same extent as nonalcoholics. In the task, all subjects during acquisition received training with monetary reinforcers symbolizing rewarding aspects of drinking, followed by one of three extinction conditions symbolizing possible unpleasant aspects of drinking: (1) punishment only; (2) simultaneous reward-punishment; and (3) nonreward. The main finding was that following acquisition, alcoholics in the punishment-only and in the reward-punishment condition failed to suppress their responses to the same extent as the nonalcoholic controls. The author discusses implications for treatment procedures drawn from the conclusion that punishment is not an effective agent for the modification of behavior in alcoholics. (Author/LAA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Meeting, 6-8 May 1971, Detroit, Michigan