ERIC Number: ED080652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Modeling, Behavior Change, and Rehabilitation. Research Series, Number 7.
Bruch, Monroe A.; And Others
A considerable body of knowledge has been built around the concepts of imitation and observational learning. The purpose of this monograph is to introduce the rehabilitation practitioner to this information and to discuss its implications for and uses in rehabilitation practice. First, we will define imitation and observational learning and elaborate upon their unique features and distinguishing characteristics. In subsequent chapters, we will analyze relevant studies to glean ideas regarding the critical variables in modeling that may be applicable to rehabilitation settings. We will then present and discuss a number of studies carried out by the authors that focus upon the use of imitation as a means for facilitating behavior change. In the final chapters, the use of these learning concepts in rehabilitation will be discussed in terms of specific areas of application such as vocational counseling, work adjustment training, and physical rehabilitation. Learning theory treatment approaches are sometimes erroneously viewed as contradictory to "developmental" ones. In practice, the differences can be characterized by "teacher knows best" versus "nature knows best." Reinforcement, control, and manipulation epitomize the former method while nurturance, developmental states, and faith characterize the latter. Effective use of modeling requires consideration and use of both perspectives. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Achievement, Behavior Change, Career Counseling, Change Agents, Imitation, Learning Theories, Observational Learning, Physical Therapy, Program Development, Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Programs, Role Models, Teaching Methods, Vocational Adjustment
Regional Rehabilitation Research Inst., University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo. (No price quoted)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., Columbia . Regional Rehabilitation Research Inst.