ERIC Number: ED080642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Practices of Research Organizations in Surveys of the Poor.
Weiss, Carol H.; And Others
One of the strategies that researchers have adopted for coping with anticipated suspicion and resistance among low-income respondents is the employment of interviewers who are like the respondents in race/ethnicity and SES. Surveys that employed them tended to have larger samples, larger proportions of low-income respondents in the sample, and shorter and less complex interviews. In reply to the questionnaire reported in this study, about half of the 194 surveys of the poor conducted in 1967-71 employed such interviewers ("indigenous interviewers"). For most of the 12 interviewing tasks queried, ratings of interviewer performance were lower for indigenous interviewers than for interviewers matched only on race or on neither race nor class. They were rated about as well as others on establishing rapport, contacting respondents, and locating the hard to reach. More intensive training and supervision of interviewers did not appear to affect assessments of performance. Directors of one-fourth of the surveys reported that they would definitely want to employ interviewers similar to respondents in SES in future surveys of the poor. Adherents of SES matching tended to be those who had employed them on the present study, and who further had actively recruited them, had employed a higher proportion of them and, to a lesser extent, were more satisfied with their performance. (Author/RJ)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Interviews, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Questionnaires, Racial Differences, Research Methodology, Social Class, Socioeconomic Status, Surveys
Librarian, Bureau of Applied Social Research, 605 West 115 St., New York, N.Y. 10025 ($2.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Health Services Research and Development (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Bureau of Applied Social Research.