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ERIC Number: ED080627
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Pages: 113
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Day Care's Effect on the Labor Force Participation of Low-Income Mothers. Working Papers.
Ditmore, Jack; Prosser, W. R.
The objective of this paper was to examine what effect government subsidized day care by itself might have on the labor force participation of low income group mothers. The policy issue was as follows: will the provision of adequate day care services (in terms of cost and quality) to low income group mothers substantially increase their labor force participation (by removing a significant barrier to employment), thereby reducing their potential for the receipt of income transfer programs? Responding to this issue, the paper reviews existing research on the relationship of provision of day care services to labor force participation. The paper concludes that provision of day care by itself will not lead to vast numbers of low income mothers entering the labor force; an estimated ten percentage point increase in labor force participation might occur in response to day care. The reasons for this percentage point increase being not larger are cited as: (1) many mothers prefer to care for their own children; (2) many mothers do not see the provision of subsidized day care as substantially increasing their net wage; (3) the structure of welfare laws makes employment, in some cases, economically unsound; and, (4) employment increases the already heavy burdens of the mother. (Author/RJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation.