ERIC Number: ED080410
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Reference Count: 0
How to Use Group Discussion. How to do it Series, Number 6.
Litchen, Ruth E.
Suggestions for implementing group discussion techniques in elementary and secondary classrooms are given in this tip sheet for teachers which is one of a series. The need and nature of discussion as a necessary force in the democratic way of life is stressed. General information is provided on how discussion aids the individual; the purposes of discussion; seating arrangement of participants; size of groups; and other factors contributing to successful discussion groups. Five steps of the thought process analyzed by John Dewey -- recognition of the problem; location, definition, and analysis of the problem; solutions; consideration of solutions; and verification -- are discussed. In addition, common pitfalls are examined such as minority domination, keeping on the subject, and lagging discussion. Because variations exist within the group structure a variety of techniques are included to ensure cooperative group discussion along with a checklist which can be used as a guide before discussion and afterwards as a means of self-evaluation. The teacher's responsibilities and an evaluative checklist toward good group discussion conclude the guide. (SJM)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Education, Group Discussion, Guidelines, Secondary Education, Social Studies, Teaching Methods, Teaching Models, Values
National Council for the Social Studies, 1201 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ($0.25, Quantity Discounts)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for the Social Studies, Washington, DC.
Note: Revised Edition