ERIC Number: ED080397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Social Background and Educational Career: Research Perspectives on Equality of Educational Opportunity.
In this monograph the author considers the basic concepts of the social dimensions of scholastic ability and reviews some of the more salient findings of research that can be brought to bear on the problem of equality of educational oppoutunity. Emphasis is placed on how access to school and school attainments are related to social background. Chapter 1 is an attempt to clarify what is meant by equality of educational opportunity. Three different stages in the development of this concept are distinguished and certain inherent incompatibilities are brought out. Chapter 2 sets out to show that the concept of ability has to be conceived of in a sociological and not in an individual -psychological context. In a comprehensive review of the research on the reserves of talent conducted in Europe and the United States, Sweden is presented as an illustrative case of how the methodology in this particular area of study has developed. Chapter 4 demonstrates how various, mainly structural, features of the formal educational system affect educational opportunity. The author makes recommendations implicit in the findings reviewed and briefly discusses strategies by which they might be implemented. (Author/SHM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Citations (References), Comparative Education, Educational Development, Educational Opportunities, Educational Research, Educational Sociology, Equal Education, Human Resources, Literature Reviews, Social Influences, Socioeconomic Background, Socioeconomic Influences, Surveys
Director of Information, O.E.C.D., 2, rue Andre-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France ($3.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.