ERIC Number: ED080308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Predicting High and Low Success Group Membership in an A-T Biology Program.
McDuffie, Thomas E., Jr.; Bruce, Matthew H.
The study examined relationships between personal characteristics and achievement in and attitude toward an audio-tutorial (A-T) biology program. The central question of the investigation was: Is there a different profile for (1) high and low achievers, (2) students with positive and negative attitudes toward the instructional method, and (3) successful and unsuccessful students? The population studied consisted of 119 students in a one-year A-T biology program at Elizabethtown College, Pennsylvania. Eighteen variables were measured using standardized indices: CEEB scores, Nelson Biology Test, Moore's Scientific Attitude Inventory, and the Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey (GZTS), plus an attitude questionnaire developed for the study. Based upon an analysis of the results it was concluded that: (1) since the abilities, attitudes and personalities of the majority of students were compatible with A-T instruction, the approach provided a desirable alternative to large group instruction in biology; (2) personality factors on the GZTS were poor predictors of achievement and attitudes toward science and A-T instruction; and (3) the discriminant technqiue was better suited for predicting membership in high or low groups than was regression analysis. The techniques used in this study might provide a means of identifying students for whom the A-T method is an inappropriate instructional atlernative. (JR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (46th, Detroit, Michigan, March 1973)