ERIC Number: ED080199
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Final Report on the Second St. Paul's Summer Project Conducted by Western Institute for Science and Technology, June - August, 1972.
A summer project designed to teach reading readiness skills to disadvantaged preschoolers is described. Thirty five five-year-olds attended the program three hours a day, five days a week, for six weeks. The Vanguard Instructional Model used involved contingency management, individualized instructional materials and the extensive use of student tutors as primary instructional agents. The Vanguard program was divided into task areas, during which children worked on prepared learning programs, and recreational or reinforcer areas (RE) which motivated students since students could go to a recreational area after completing a period of work. Diagnostic tests were used to assess the level of achievement that the students had attained upon entering the program. Evaluation of progress consisted of a built-in, pretest and post test system for each stage of the learning process. A child had to achieve 80% mastery of each stage before he could advance to a higher level task. The Metropolitan Reading Readiness Test (MRRT) was also administered to each subject before and after the program. Results indicated that mean scores on alternate forms of the MRRT rose 15.13 percentile points and that student attendance averaged 90% on any given day of the program. Also, it was found that back-up rewards could be deferred for as long as two days; rotating the students through task and RE areas aided efficiency, and co-ordinating learning task and RE activity facilitated learning. (DP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Inst. for Science and Technology, Waco, TX.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Metropolitan Readiness Tests