ERIC Number: ED080181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Auditory and Visual Learning in First-, Third-, and Fifth-Grade Children. Research Report #14.
Bruininks, Robert H.; Clark, Charlotte
To determine the efficacy of auditory, visual and combined auditory-visual modes of presenting verbal material, 12 first-grade, 12 third-grade and 12 fifth-grade children were tested on paired associates lists presented under visual, auditory and combined auditory-visual conditions. Pictures rather than printed words were used as visual stimuli to control for effects of differences in reading ability across grade levels. Performance of all groups under visual and combined auditory-visual modes of presentation was significantly higher than that attained under the auditory condition. The imagery inducing quality of pictures was offered as a possible explanation for superior learning under visual and auditory-visual conditions. Differences with previous findings were ascribed to poor control in other studies of the effects of reading skill in visual learning conditions. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.