ERIC Number: ED080170
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar-30
Reference Count: 0
Children's Spatial Placements of Dolls Which 'Like' Each Other and of Dolls Which 'Dislike' Each Other: Role of Eye Contact and Physical Proximity in 'Personal Space'.
Harris, Lauren Jay; Strommen, Ellen A.
A study was conducted of children's expression of social as well as spatial relations in their placement of dolls. The study was designed to determine how both face contact and physical distance varied according to the social relationship ascribed to the dolls. It was hoped to find out, through this, whether' children's working definitions of front, back, and beside are composed of social as well as purely spatial elements. Ss were 72 boys and 72 girls between 8-10 years. Each S was tested individually by being asked to make a series of "in front,""in back," and "beside" placements of one doll (the mobile doll) in relation to another (the stationary doll). Placements were recorded. Social relationships were manipulated by telling the Ss that the dolls liked each other, disliked each other, or by making no comment (control). Results showed that: (1) closest mean physical distance occurred when the dolls liked each other and farthest when they disliked each other; (2) "in front" placements were farthest," in back" placements were intermediate, and "beside" placements were closest; (3) sex differences were found not as a main effect but in complex interactions with other variables such as the sex combination of the dolls; differences did not follow any consistent pattern; and (4) placements were based primarily on the bodies of the dolls; patterns for different types of placements were analyzed. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 30, 1973)