ERIC Number: ED080166
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar-31
Reference Count: 0
Implicit Instructions and Social Influence in "Generalized Imitation" and Other "Go - No-Go" Situations.
Steinman, Warren M.
Six studies relevant to the analysis of generalized imitative behavior are described. The first examined the role of verbal instructions in generalized imitation by comparing the use of a "do this" instruction with no such instruction and the use of positive reinforcement with no reinforcement. The tenacity of generalized imitation in this study led to the second experiment, designed to determine whether generalized imitation would occur in the total absence of verbal instructions. The evidence in the first two studies of the ineffectiveness of observation of a differentially performing model in producing discriminative imitation led to two further studies. Observation of a differentially responding confederate proved ineffective in both studies, but the observational procedure was not used until the Ss had a history of responding nondifferentially. Consequently, another experiment was conducted to determine whether this history might be responsible for the results; in this experiment, observation of differentially performing adult was made from the beginning of the study. Differential responses in imitation of the adult were noted throughout this experiment. Another experiment was conducted to study the effects of observation of the same or different behavior and the use or lack of reinforcement. The data together suggest that generalized imitation is largely a function of the priming procedures used to generate the imitative behavior. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 31, 1973)