ERIC Number: ED080158
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Determinants of Visual Attention and Recall in Observational Learning by Preschoolers and Second Graders.
Yussen, Steven R.
Seventy-two preschoolers and 72 second graders observed a model choose his "favorites" in a series of common object trios and were then asked to recall the model's choices. Children at each age witnessed the procedure under a fixed level of distraction, under instructions either to 'look' or 'remember,' and under one of three vicarious consequence treatments (reward, neutral, punishment). A series of analyses of the children's overt visual attention to the modeled activity and their recall revealed: (1) highly significant positive correlations between attention and recall, (2) a facilitation of attention and recall with instructions to remember, (3) a facilitation of attention and recall under vicarious reward and vicarious punishment treatments only when instructions were to look, and (4) age increases in relevant overt attention and recall. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Dept. of Educational Psychology.
Note: A brief version of this paper was presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Philadelphia, Pa., March 29-April 1, 1973)